The spine is usually a complex mechanical structure consists of bones (vertebrae) separated by pads of fibrocartilage (discs) that permit some movement between these bones. The discs also develop a space between each vertebra that permits a nerve to move on them. The nerves that pass between your vertebrae inside the lower back travel down each leg as the nerves that pass relating to the vertebrae within the lower neck travel down each arm. Individually, each disc could be compared to a jelly donut – these people have a softer gel-like center flanked by a tougher exterior. Like a jelly donut, the lining can sometimes squeeze out. Unlike a jelly donut, this could be more than a minor annoyance; this tends to compress the nearby nerve and produce a variety of symptoms, including pain, numbness, tingling or maybe weakness inside an arm or leg.
The nice thing about it is that spinal disc herniations can usually be helped by conservative care without making use of surgery. Such treatments might include manual manipulation techniques or mechanical traction therapy to scale back the degree of disc herniation as well as lowering pressure about the nearby nerve. Other treatments occasionally includes anti-inflammatory and/or pain medications, injections and a assortment of more invasive surgical interventions, depending for the problem type and severity in each particular case.
It is vital that disc and related conditions are evaluated with a qualified provider before recommendations is usually made with regards to the best approach in each one situation. However, it’s generally recommended that you AVOID seeking to stretch or do other exercises prior to being evaluated and given appropriate recommendations as certain movements may worsen treatment plans. There are also “red-flags” that a provider will appear for say for example a loss of bowel or bladder function or control, numbness or “pins and needles” sensation from the groin and inner thighs along with some other symptoms and physical findings which will indicate an uncommon but serious condition often known as Cauda Equina Syndrome (if there are these symptoms or if your problem is rapidly worsening you ought to have immediate ER evaluation to be sure appropriate timely management).
Although spinal disc problems can on occasion be serious and also require surgery, they are able to most often be effectively helped by conservative care and also the patient can return to their usual activities with minimal limitation. It is very important to speak with your primary care physician or some other qualified provider to be sure that you have the necessary evaluation (including MRI and/or any other testing if/as appropriate in everyone case) to ascertain the best duration of care for your problem and to enable you to begin this care as quickly as possible for the best therapeutic results and outcome.